8 Common Causes of Back Pain You Should Know


Back pain is considered one of the most common issues that make people skip work, school, or other activities. It is a quite alarming condition that can lead to a limited range of motion, gait changes, and other unpleasant consequences. People with back pain can even experience difficulties while performing daily activities.

If you experience constant back pain, it is essential to seek treatment. Fortunately, modern medicine provides a huge variety of treatment options for back pain. It is important to define the underlying cause of your condition before starting any treatment. In this article, we have gathered eight common causes of back pain you should know.

1. Degenerative disc disease

Degenerative disc disease is a condition that occurs when the discs between the vertebrae of the spine compress or break. This causes the bones to rub against each other.

In most cases, this condition affects older people. Pain medication and physical therapy can ease the symptoms of degenerative disc disease but it is essential to seek more effective treatment for back pain.

2. Obesity

Extra pounds can also make your back achy. The reality is that excessive body weight causes additional pressure on the spine and compresses it. As a result, you may experience mild to severe back pain. Losing weight and exercising are the most effective ways to cope with pressure and painful sensations.

3. Arthritis

Arthritis is a joint inflammation that can affect one or several joints. It usually causes pain and stiffness. Arthritis can also cause severe back pain that is accompanied by swelling and limited range of motion. 

Unfortunately, there is no complete cure for arthritis. However, various treatment options like NSAIDs, physical therapy, and surgery can relieve pain and other symptoms. Visit your doctor to choose the most appropriate treatment plan for you.

4. Poor posture

People with poor posture also experience pain in the back and neck. If you sit or stand with the slouched back, it makes your muscles tense. As a result, they cause painful sensations and stiffness. 

Poor posture can also contribute to headaches, pinched nerves, digestion issues, and other complications. That’s why it is important to keep your back straight and avoid tension in the back. Maintaining proper posture and exercising can ease pain and improve your condition. 

5. Strain

A strain, also called a pulled muscle, is a condition in which a muscle stretches and tears. This can cause severe pain. Starin in the back area can lead to back pain. Too much physical activity or effort, improper warm-up before exercise, or poor flexibility can contribute to pulled muscles. Starin can be caused by an accident, overuse, or misuse of the muscle. 

6. Gynecological disorders

There are certain gynecological disorders like pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), endometriosis, and uterine fibroids that can cause pain in the lower back. In addition to back pain, PID causes abnormal discharge, pain, and fever. Endometriosis causes painful periods and fertility issues. Uterine fibroids cause pelvic pressure, spotting, and pain during sex.

If you have a family history of these diseases or experience at least some of the symptoms listed above, you should make an appointment with your gynecologist. Timely and proper treatment can ease your symptoms and prevent further complications. 

7. Herniated discs

Your spine is made up of 33 bones called vertebrae. Some vertebrae are covered with soft jelly-like discs. These discs allow you to move and bend your spine. If the disc between the two vertebrae begins to slip out of place, it can irritate the surrounding nerves and cause severe pain. This condition is called a herniated disc. 

Treatment usually depends on the level of discomfort you experience and the severity of the condition. OTC painkillers, physical therapy, and surgery are considered the most common treatment options for a herniated disk.

8. Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a condition in which the density and quality of bones decrease significantly. Due to the fact that bones become more porous and fragile, the risk of fractures rises. The main problem is that bone loss occurs gradually and asymptomatically until the first fracture. 

In most cases, fractures because of osteoporosis occur in the hip, spine, and wrist. The likelihood of these fractures increases with age. The combination of lifestyle changes and appropriate treatment can help prevent many fractures.

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09 Sep 2020

By Amelia Grant